In a multiplication, name given to the number by which we multiply.

### Examples

- In the multiplication 5 × 9 = 45, the number 5 is the
**multiplicand**, the number 9 is the**multiplier**and the number 45 is the**product**. We can also say that the numbers 5 and 9 are factors. - In the multiplication 0.5 × 9.2 = 4.6, the number 0.5 is the multiplicand, the number 9.2 is the multiplier and the number 4.6. Is the product. It is not very pertinent to talk about factors if the two numbers are not whole numbers.